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The Royal College of Psychiatrists Improving the lives of people with mental illness

Simple lessons change teenage attitudes to mental illness

Embargoed until 01 April 2009

Teaching school children about common mental health problems can reduce prejudice and negative attitudes towards mental illness, according to a new study published in the April issue of the British Journal of Psychiatry.

A group of researchers, led by Dr Paul Naylor of the University of Sheffield, found that teenagers who received just six lessons on mental health showed significantly more sensitivity and empathy towards people with mental health problems. The teenagers also used less negative language to describe mental health problems.

The study followed 14- and 15-year-old pupils at two secondary schools in London. At one school, the pupils attended six 50-minute lessons on mental health issues common among young people: stress, depression, suicide/self-harm, eating disorders, being bullied and learning disabilities. The lessons included discussion, role-playing and internet research, and pupils were shown booklets, factsheets and films. Pupils at the other school did not receive any of these lessons.

The week before the lessons began, pupils in both schools completed questionnaires to determine their attitudes towards mental illness. This was repeated eight months after the lessons finished.

The lessons had a number of positive effects on the pupils’ understanding of mental health problems. Both boys and girls showed more understanding of why some people become depressed or think life is not worth living, how bullied people are affected etc. They were also more likely to be able to name five mental health difficulties, and were less likely to use stigmatising language such as ‘nutter’ or ‘got a screw loose’.

The researchers said: “Children learn from a very early age that psychiatric problems are personal failures and that children who receive psychological treatment are to be despised.

“This study shows that teaching 14- and 15-year-olds about mental health difficulties helps to reduce stigma by increasing knowledge and promoting positive attitudes. Generally, participating pupils were positive about the importance of lessons on mental health, and said they had learnt much about the lesson topics.”


For further information, please contact:
Kathy Oxtoby or Deborah Hart in the Communications Department.

Telephone: 0203 701 2544 or 0203 701 2538

 

References:

Naylor PB, Cowie HA, Walters SJ, Talamelli L and Dawkins J (2009), Impact of a mental health teaching programme on adolescents, British Journal of Psychiatry, 194: 365-370

 

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