The NHS must wise up to the “growing problem” of drug and
alcohol misuse among older people, according to
a new report published today by the Royal College of
The report, written by the Older People’s Substance Misuse Working
Group of the Royal College of Psychiatrists, warns that not enough
is being done to tackle substance misuse in our aging population –
making them society’s “invisible addicts”.
The report pulls together evidence to highlight the extent of the
- The number of older people in the UK population is increasing
rapidly – between 2001 and 2031 there is predicted to be a 50%
- A third of older people with alcohol use problems develop them
in later life – often as a result of life changes such as
retirement or bereavement, or feelings of boredom, loneliness and
- Older people often show complex patterns and combinations of
substance misuse e.g. excessive alcohol consumption as well as
inappropriate use of prescribed and over the counter
- Although illegal drug use is uncommon among over-65s at the
moment, there has been a significant increase in the over-40s in
recent years. The problem is likely to get worse as these people
Professor Ilana Crome, Professor of Addiction Psychiatry and
Chair of the Working Group, said: “The traditional view is that
alcohol misuse is uncommon in older people, and that the misuse of
drugs is very rare. However, this is simply not true. A lack of
awareness means that GPs and other healthcare professionals often
overlook or discount the signs when someone has a problem. We hope
this report highlights the scale of the problem, and that the
multiple medical and social needs of this group of people are not
ignored any longer.”
The Working Group makes a series of key recommendations
- GPs screen every person over the age of 65 for substance misuse
as part of a routine health check.
- The government issues separate guidance on alcohol consumption
for older people. Current recommended ‘safe limits’ are based on
work in younger adults. Since there are physiological and metabolic
changes associated with aging, these limits are too high for older
people. Evidence suggests the upper ‘safe limit’ for older men is
1.5 units per day or 11 units per week, and for women 1 unit per
day or 7 units per week.
- Public health campaigns around alcohol and drug misuse are
developed to specifically target at older people.
- All doctors, nurses, psychologists, social care workers and
allied health professionals are given suitable training in
substance use disorders in older people.
There is accumulating evidence that the treatment for alcohol
and drug misuse in older people is effective and that older people
often stay in treatment for longer than younger people.
Dr Tony Rao, a consultant in old age psychiatry and member of the
Working Group, said: “We are witnessing the birth of a burgeoning
public health problem in a ‘baby boomer’ generation of older people
for whom alcohol and drug misuse is growing. There is a pressing
need to meet this need with primary, secondary care and tertiary
care services that can offer timely and effective detection,
treatment and follow up for a large but hidden population.”
Dr Owen Bowden-Jones, Chair of the Royal College of Psychiatrists’
Faculty of Addictions Psychiatry, said: “Because of the
pre-conception that alcohol and drug use are problems of the young,
there is a generation of older people for whom these problems have
gone undetected. This timely report is a wake-up call for
healthcare professionals and a reminder that older people have
particular risks for substance misuse. Our challenge is to improve
the detection of these invisible addicts and offer the treatments
which we know can transform people's lives.”
Dr Stefan Janikiewicz, a general practitioner and member of the
Working Group, said: “In primary care there is increased pressure
to glean information from patients and act on these findings.
Smoking and alcohol are still the most common forms of substance
misuse that affect all age groups. Increasingly, GPs are responding
to these issues. However, management of this demanding workload
requires the support of specialist services and other
Don Shenker, Chief Executive of Alcohol Concern, said: “While
younger excessive drinkers often make the headlines, we should
remember that older people often turn to alcohol in later life as a
coping mechanism and this can remain stubbornly hidden from view.
This report calls for much greater recognition that excessive
drinking in older age is both widespread and preventable,
particularly if public health professionals are supported and
trained to spot the signs and take appropriate action.”
For further information, please
McLoughlin in the Communications Department.
Telephone: 0203 701 2544 or 07738 349070
College Report 165: Our Invisible Addicts is published on 22 June 2011. It is the first report of the Older People’s Substance Misuse Working Group at the Royal College of Psychiatrists, which has representation from addiction psychiatrists, old age psychiatrists, general practitioners and substance misuse charities.